Once you decide that your travel plans will take you beyond the limits of the United States, it is wise to make an appointment with a travel health expert to discuss the needs of your general health and immunization. Do you need a specific vaccine will depend on several factors, including:
The presence of additional individual risk factors, such as being pregnant, have a pre-existing cardiac disease or have a condition that may weaken the immune system, such as cancer
Some vaccinations are only recommended while others required if traveling to certain countries. The World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that all travelers be up-to-date with the routine schedule of childhood vaccinations and booster shots.
You can also concern about the meningococcal vaccine at international travel vaccination centre.
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These routine vaccines include:
- Diphtheria / tetanus / pertussis (DTP)
- Hepatitis B (HBV)
- Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
- Measles / mumps / rubella (MMR)
- Poliomyelitis (IPV)
Examples of vaccines are required or mandatory, including yellow fever – if traveling to parts of South America or Africa – and the meningococcal vaccine, which is required by Saudi Arabia for pilgrims visiting Mecca and/or Medina for the annual or at any time.
Other vaccines, for example, to protect against hepatitis A, polio, or typhoid fever may be recommended depending on your travel itinerary. Ask your travel health specialist about your specific needs.
Some hospitals or other health care facilities may offer a travel medicine clinic. A travel medicine clinic is an office staffed by doctors and nurses who have a special interest or specific training in travel and tropical medicine.