Beneath the bottom of the heel of the foot is a fat pad that by natural means cushions us and guards us as we walk and run. When running or walking, there exists a load equal to about more than 2 times body weight to the heel during heel contact, so it should be obvious why we all require that fat pad. This is actually higher when running. Without having this fat pad there might be bad shock reduction which can result in quite a few issues due to this substandard shock absorption. The most typical is probably soreness under the heel. This is not a typical source of heel pain, however is a vital cause as it may regularly be wrongly identified as heel spurs or other disorders. Often it is straightforward to diagnose as there is basically no cushioning underneath the heel bone and you will very easily feel the calcaneus.
Factors that cause Fat Pad Atrophy:
The causes aren't totally clear. The fat pad does indeed atrophy as we age normally and in a few it just atrophies more at a quicker rate. Many people simply appear to acquire this and others don't. It's not related to body fat issues. It could take place in several bone and joint disorders and athletes as a result of many years of pounding on the heel bone might be at a greater risk with this. Individuals with a higher mid-foot foot (pes cavus) will also get a displacement of the fat pad that can give a similar issue to the atrophy.
Treatment of Fat Pad Atrophy:
The only method to take care of fat pad atrophy will be to replace the fat or substitute for the fat. This could be placed in surgically or a shock reducing heel pad inside the shoes used which has a comparable nature to the missing fat pad. Shock absorbing footwear could also be used without or with extra padding. Surgically this could be an injection of fillers or an autograft using your very own fat cells.